The Domus of Triptolemus

The Domus of Triptolemus (VII 7, 5) located in front of the Basilica and adjacent to the Sanctuary of Apollo…

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The Domus of Triptolemus

The House of Triptolemus (VII 7, 5) is located in front of the Basilica and adjacent to the Sanctuary of Apollo. Since the second century BC it was a lavish domus provided with two atriums and two peristyles, which had both a board andprivate areas. The house is inserted in a block which was occupied since the third century BC, and after 80 BC changed into a single property by attaching the nearby house ofRomulus and Remus. The structural modifications and the renovation of the decorative furnishings document the wealth and importance of its owner’s role, who was probably one of the notables of the Sullan colony.
Entering the vestibule located at Via Marina n. 5, one accesses the Tuscan atrium of the house (b),which is paved with marble chips and has a central impluvium. Through two steps, one accesses the peristyle (l) – which has twelve columns and a rectangular basin which is located inthe central area used as a garden.
The peristyle columns are covered with red and white plaster, and were originally connected to each other through wooden bulkheads.

From the portico of the peristyle, which is paved with a white mosaic dotted with black pieces, one accesses the boardrooms (m, n and u). The wide hall (m) is decorated with Fourth Style frescos. It shows a series of small paintings depicting erotes, which are located on the top of thesocle decorated as fake marble. Among them there are the paintings depicting Venus and Adonis, and Hermaphrodite in the mirror, which are known only through drawings of the late 1800s.

The famous fresco depicting Triptolemus was part of the triclinium’s decoration
(n), which gives the name to the house. The hero, chosen by Demeter to teach the agricultural arts to humankind, is depicted as receiving a basket of ears of wheat. Another painting celebrated Venus coming from the sea on the back of a triton, and her arrival at the hill where she would found Pompeii, the city of Venus (Veneris sedes: Martial. IV, 44).

The exedra (u), which is completely open on the peristyle and on axis with the entrance, was the most important room of the house. It is accessed through a threshold of lava blocks, which is followed by a polychrome mosaic pavement decorated with the motif of the city wall. The center of the room is decorated by a big square decorated by limestone tiles with a perspective cubes motif, which is similar to the one found in the cella of the nearby temples of Apollo and Jupiter. The recovery of this motif in a domestic context is a rarity, which was used by the owner to increase the importance of the house. From the peristyle of the house of Triptolemus one accessed the adjacent house which was used as pars privata. It is provided with a second colonnaded peristyle (x), another atrium with tufa impluvium (g) which is set off-center from the vestibule, on which wider and smaller (cubicula) are open, and service rooms.

On the southern side of the peristyle there is a marble block, which is part of an architrave. It carries the name M(arcus) Artorius M(arci) l(ibertus)Prim[us], who was an Augustan Age architect, responsible for the restoration of the Great Theater of Pompeii (CIL X, 807; 841). Despite the fact it was found in the house, the block belonged to a public building, probably the nearby Basilica.
In the triclinium (n) two large pieces of the vault decorated with mosaic from the Suburban Baths are exhibited, which were discovered during the 1959 excavation. They were part of a barrel vault of a hall (m 11,40 x 7,60), which is almost completely occupied by a swimming poolwarmed up through a ‘samovar’ system (and this is the only case known in Pompeii so far). The rare mosaic, which is stylistically close to Fourth Style paintings, was made after the AD 62 earthquake. In the first section of the mosaic (which is located on the left of the series) there are colorful frames which are worth noting; one of these frames is decorated with shells and fishes, among which there is a darting dolphin. In the second section, under a circle decorated with a shell motif, there are meander motifs, garlands held by a winged figure, an eagle on a globe inserted in a tripod, and a landscape painting.


The Domus of Romulus and Remus

The Domus of Romulus and Remus…was erected in the second century BC

The domus of Romulus and Remus was erected in the second century BC, in the same period when a unique sort of sidewalk, decorated with a pebbles mosaic, was realized in front of the house…

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The Domus of Romulus and Remus

The domus of Romulus and Remus was erected in the second century BC, in the same period when a unique sort of sidewalk, decorated with a pebbles mosaic, was realized in front of the house. Located in a prestigious district of the city, in proximity of a city gate and the main public buildings, the house has a traditional plan: the entrance (a) leads to the atrium with impluvium (b), surrounded by private rooms.

The representative rooms comprise a tablinum (k) and an oecus (n) as well as a small garden (q), surrounded by a portico with fluted columns, paved in cocciopesto (p). The room (t), an alcove, bears traces of the presence of a bed, namely grooves visible on the east and west wall.
The name of the house derives from a fresco which was lost during the bombing of 1943. In the night of August 24 (in tragic coincidence with the supposed date of the eruption in 79 AD) and September 13, two bombs fired by Allied forces hit the domus. The fresco was located in room (n) and represented the legendary she-wolf while suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, founders of Rome (established, according to the legend, on April 21 753 BC).
Inside the house, which was excavated primarily in the years 1871-72, the bodies of five persons were discovered, one of whom died when attempting to escape. His right hand was clapsing numerous gold, silver and bronze coins, while the left hand was clapsing a gold and a bronze ring. Since we know of another lost wall painting depicting Romulus, and since one of the rings bears the initials FA.H, M.
Della Corte hypothesized that in 79 AD the house was inhabited by members of the illustrious gens Fabia (hence the initials FA), known for contributing to the college of priests who organized the celebrations commemorating the foundation of Rome during the feast of Lupercalia .
The marble steps at the entrance as well as the discovery of finely crafted objects (including a bronze stool, silver objects, a safe of which the basis of lava stone remains, placed in room (g) reflect the high living standard of the family.
The great Fourth Pompeian Style frescos in the peristyle (p) show, on the west wall, statues of nymphs, a fountain and a peacock. Originally, there was also a sleeping satyr. A group of animals is depicted on the north wall: an elephant and a buffalo; a snake and a winged griffin (top), a cow, a gazelle, a donkey, a running fox, a bear and paws of big cats. The scene, placed on a red background with flowering bushes and birds, recalls the theme of the paràdeisos, a garden full of exotic animals. In the central part, which is lost, Orpheus was probably entrancing the animals with the sound of his lyre.


The Domus of Marcus Lucretius Fronto

The Domus of Marcus Lucretius Fronto…is one of the finest atrium houses in Pompeii

Behind a simple façade, along the street perpendicular to Via di Nola, there is one of the finest atrium houses in Pompeii…

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The Domus of Marcus Lucretius Fronto

Behind a simple façade, along the street perpendicular to Via di Nola, there is one of the finest atrium houses in Pompeii.  While its original structure dates back to the second century BC, by the age of Augustus (end of the century.BC – beginning of the first century AD) it was inhabited by one of the c i t y ’ sleading families. Electoral inscriptions found on the façade during the excavations suggest that the owner’s name was Marcus Lucretius Fronto, a cultured man, who set out for a brilliant political career.

Though modest in size (about 460 m²), the house brims over with paintings befitting the elite status of its owner; albeit its simple furniture, it provided rich intellectuals stimuli through the paintings, which belong to the late Third Style. The central area of the house consists of the atrium and tablinum 2, 7, decorated with paintings in the late Third Style showing mythological scenes. The principal frescoes in the tablinum 7 are set next to small paintings with a black background, held by candelabra, depicting sumptuous imaginary villas overlooking the sea.


In the middle of the left wall, a dark-skinned Mars is bending over Venus, clearly with amorous intentions, in the presence of Cupido; on the opposite wall Bacchus and Ariadne are represented on a chariot. In the cubiculum 6, painted in deep yellow, two moralizing scenes are represented: on the left wall a cupid with cornucopia is placed next to Narcissus admiring his reflection in the water.
On the other wall, Pero is nursing her old, imprisoned father Cimon, saving him from death by starvation. Two medallions with portraits of children placed next to the door suggest that the room might have belonged to the owner’s sons.

The decoration in the Fourth Style was probably part of the restoration work done in the room after 62 AD. In the triclinium 4, which is currently being restored, there is a picture with the murder of Neoptolemus by Orestes against a backdrop showing an imaginary  Delphic temple, while Hermione appears in despair at the foot of an altar.

The rear of the house is occupied to the left by a kitchen area, a viridarium and a portico with several small rooms opening towards it. On the left wall of the triclinium 12 Dionysus and a Silenus are depicted. In the neighbouring room 14, the skeletons of five adults and three children were discovered. They were crushed by the collapse of the roof during the eruption that destroyed the city in 79 AD. On the north wall of the garden area one can still recognize a hunting fresco with wild animals (lions, panthers, and bears) as well as domestic animals (bulls, oxen, horses).

The southern part of the wall painting was damaged when ancient diggers made a hole in order to enter the house (so called “cunicolari”). At the time of the eruption, restoration work was being done in the garden as an amphora full of lime, found under the stairs, demonstrates..

Archaeological sites Pompeii

Archaeological sites Pompeii, useful info and tips for visiting

Archaeological sites pompeii is the ruined ancient Roman city , which was engulfed by Mt. Vesuvius in AD 79.

Archaeological sites Pompeii..with its excavated area, extending for approximately 44 ha, and the preservation state of its buildings, due to the particular burial (under a blanket of 6 meter of ash and rock) caused by the eruption of the Vesuvius in 79 AD, Pompeii can be considered the only archaelogical site which gives the real image of roman city. And the image is similar to cities, not preserved, of the same period.

The city of Pompeii was an ancient Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of thecomune of Pompei. Pompeii, along with Herculaneum and many villas in the surrounding area, was mostly destroyed and buried under 4 to 6 m (13 to 20 ft) of ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.

Archaeological sites Pompeii

The excavated city offers a snapshot of Roman life in the 1st century, frozen at the moment it was buried on 24 August AD 79.The forum, the baths, many houses, and some out-of-town villas like the Villa of the Mysteries remain well preserved.

 B&B Pompeii The Fauno is just 1 km from the Pompeii Ruins, you can easily reach by walk, car (5 minutes) or with train of Circumvesuviana ( 500 mt . from the B&B) .

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ARCHAELOGical sites Pompeii – useful info

Tips for Visiting Pompeii

This is a walking site only. Note that walking the old Roman stone roads can be quite exhausting, especially in the heat of summer with loads of fellow tourists about. Everyone will be walking on cobblestones and uneven ground. The temperature is between 32 and 35c in the summer. Make sure to take plenty of water and watch your step as the old roads have grooves in them where the carts ran. It is advisable to wear good footwear, sunscreen and hats. There is a lot to look at and it could take all day to see everything.

Access Archaeological sites Pompeii

Single ticket – valid for 1 day
Full price: € 13.00
Half price: € 7.50 (*)
access to 3 sites: Pompeii, Oplontis, Boscoreale) – valid for 3 days
Full price: € 14.00
Half price : € 8.00 (*)
Free of charge: for EU citizens under 18 or over 65 years old.
(*) Reductions: for EU citizens aged 18-24 and EU permanent school teachers.
Reductions and free tickets can be issued only by showing a valid document (passport, identity card, driving license).

Archaeological sites Pompeii


School parties from E.U. countries must show a list of students and teachers at the ticket office on the day of the visit.
Entrance for schools is only from Piazza Anfiteatro.
For information:
Sezione Didattica – tel: +39 081 8575331
School parties’ admission and reservations

Opening Times Archaeological sites Pompeii

November – March, every day from 8.30 a.m. to 5 p.m. (last admission 3.30 p.m.)
April – October, every day from 8.30 a.m. to 7.30 p.m. (last admission 6 p.m.)

Main Routes  Archaeological sites Pompeii

by train:
entrance at Porta Marina or Piazza Esedra
Circumvesuviana Napoli-Sorrento (stop Pompei Scavi – Villa dei Misteri)
entrance at Piazza Anfiteatro
Circumvesuviana Napoli-Poggiomarino (stop Pompei Santuario)
FS Napoli – Salerno (stop Pompei)
by bus:
entrance from Porta Marinaor Piazza Esedra
SITA: from Napoli or from Salerno: stop Pompei ( piazza Esedra).
CSTP n.4 from Salerno
CSTP n.50 from Salerno (by motorway)
by car:
Motorway A3 Napoli-Salerno (exit Pompei ovest )
Motorway A3 Salerno – Napoli (exit Pompei est )

Archaeological sites Pompeii Information


Archaeological sites Pompeii

  • The amphitheatre. This is in the most easterly corner of the excavated area, near the Sarno Gate entrance. It was completed in 80BC, measures 135 x 104 metres and could hold about 20,000 people. It is the earliest surviving permanent amphitheatre in Italy and one of the best preserved anywhere. It was used for gladiator battles, other sports and spectacles involving wild animals.
  • The Great Palaestra (Gymnasium). This occupies a large area opposite the Amphitheatre. The central area was used for sporting activities and there was a pool in the middle. On three sides are lengthy internal porticos or colonnades.
  • House of the Vettii. This is believed to have been the home of two brothers who were freed slaves and became very affluent. It contains many frescoes. In the vestibule there is a striking fresco of a well-endowed Priapus, God of Fertility and among the frescos in other parts of the building are illustrations of couples making love, of cupids and of mythological characters.
  • House of the Faun. This is named after a statue of a dancing faun found on the site. It is considered to be an excellent example of the fusion of Italian and Greek architectural styles, and occupies an entire block.

  • Forum. This was the center of public life, although it is now to the southwest of the excavated area. It was surrounded by many of the important governmment, religious and business buildings.
  • Temple of Apollo. This is to the north of the Basilica on the western side of the Forum. It has the oldest remains discovered, with some, including Etruscan items, dating back to 575BC, although the layout we see now was later than that.
  • Theatre. Theatre built in the hollow of a hill for acoustic advantage; it seated 5,000
  • Via dei Sepolcri (street of tombs) A long street with worn ruts from carts.
  • Lupanar An ancient brothel with pornographic frescoes over the entrance to each room, presumably indicating the services on offer. Even allowing for the smaller size of ancient Romans the beds seem rather small.
  • House of the Ancient Hunt. Attractive, open-style house with many frescoes of hunting scenes.
  • The Basilica This is to the west of the Forum. It was the most important public building of the city where both justice was administered and trade was carried on.
  • Forum Granary Artifacts like amphorae (storage jars) and plaster casts of people who did not escape the eruption are stored in this building, which was designed to be the public market but may not have been finished before the eruption.
  • Baths. There are several baths to be inspected. The Forum Baths are just north of the forum and close to the restaurant. They are well-preserved and roofed. Be careful not to miss them as the entranceway is a long passage with no indication of the delights inside. The Central Baths occupy a much larger area but are less well-preserved. Close to these are the Stabian baths which have some interesting decorations and give a good idea of how baths used to function in Roman times.
  • House of the Tragic Poet. This small atrium house is best known for the mosaic at the entrance depicting a chained dog, with the words Cave Canem or “Beware of the Dog”.

  • The Ground surface You will see in the ground there are small tiles called cat’s eyes. The moon’s light or candle light reflects off these tiles and gave light, so people could see where they were walking at night.
  • Bars and Bakeries You will walk past where their bars and bakeries once existed. The bars had counters with three to four holes in them. They have water or other beverages available in the holes. The bakeries’ ovens look similar to the old brick stone oven. The House of the Baker has a garden area with millstones of lava used for grinding the wheat.
  • Street There are tracks for the carriages in the street for a smoother ride. There are also stone blocks in the street for pedestrians to step onto to cross the street. The sidewalks are higher than the modern sidewalk because the streets had water and waste flowing through them. The stone blocks in the street were also as high as the sidewalk, so people did not walk in the waste and water. The stone blocks were also used for what we now call speed bumps. When the carriages were going through the city, they were going fast. To avoid people from getting splashed by the water and waste they had stone blocks in the street. This would make the driver slow down when they were speeding, so they could get through the blocks.

Archaelogical sites Pompeii .. Outside of the city walls:

  • Villa dei Misteri (Villa of the Mysteries) A house with curious frescoes, perhaps of women being initiated into the Cult of Dionysus. Contains one of the finest fresco cycles in Italy, as well as humorous ancient graffiti.